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Jaguar E type (1961 - 1974)


 

The Jaguar "E" type (also known as E-type or XK-E) is one of the greatest cars ever built. It has style, performance, and pedigree: its shell was designed by an aerodynamics engineer, it was propelled by a high-spec version of the famous XK engine, and was based on the 50's Le Mans winning D type race car. Best of all, unlike other 'supercars' of its time, it was a mass-market product: over 70.000 have been built. Sadly, yet again, it is a car prone to rust, so heavy restoration is often required.

The car was launched with much excitement in the Geneva show of 1961. Unlike other road going Jaguars, access was perfect, with the entire hood lifting up and exposing not only the engine but the running gear. Initially the car was fitted with a 3.8 engine, but over the years the size increased to 4.2 and finally the new 5.3 V12 was crammed into the engine space. I feel that in many ways, the 3.8 was the best balanced but I am sure some will disagree.

1961 3.8 E type
Wheelbase 2438 mm 96 in  
Track front 1270 mm 50 in  
rear 1270 mm 50 in  
Length 4375 mm 172.2 in  
Width 1657 mm 65.2 in  
Height 1225 mm 48.2 in  
Ground clearance 140 mm 5.5 in  
Kerb weight 1234 kg 2721 lb  
Weight distribution
(Front)
49.60 %
Fuel capacity 63.6
litres
14
UK Gal
16.8
US Gal
engine
Manufacturer Jaguar
Type S-6
DOHC
12 valves total
2 valves per cylinder
Bore stroke 87.00mm 106.00mm
3.43 in 4.17 in
Bore/Stroke ratio 0.82
Displacement 3781 cc
(230.731 cu in)
Unitary capacity 630.17 cc/cylinder
Compression ratio 9.00:1
Fuel system 3 SU carbs
Aspiration Normal
Max. output
(Gross)
268.7 PS (265.0 bhp) (197.6 kW)
@5500 rpm
Max. torque
(Gross)
353.0 Nm (260 lbft) (36 kgm)
@4000 rpm
Coolant Water
Specific output 70.1 bhp/litre
1.15 bhp/cu in
Specific torque 93.36 Nm/litre
0-50mph (80 km/h) 5.60s
0-60mph 6.90s
0-100mph 16.20s
0-Quarter-mile 14.70s 
Top speed 241 km/h
Power-to-weight 214.75 bhp/ton
chassis
Engine location Front
Engine alignment Longitudinal
Steering rack & pinion
Turns
lock-to-lock
2.500
Turning circle 11.30 m
Suspension Front I.W.TB.
Rear I.TransTrailLi.CS.ARB.
Wheels F/R /
Tyres F Dunlop RS5 6.40 x 15
Tyres R Dunlop RS5 6.40 x 15
Brakes F/R Di/Di-S
Brake ∅ F/R 279/254 mm
Transmission 4M
Drive RWD
Top gear ratio 1.00
Final drive ratio 3.31